Read e-book Terminal Ballistics

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Terminal Ballistics file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Terminal Ballistics book. Happy reading Terminal Ballistics Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Terminal Ballistics at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Terminal Ballistics Pocket Guide.

The concern is not depressurization a bullet hole will not depressurise an airliner , but over penetration and damage to vital electrical or hydraulic lines, or injury to an innocent bystander by a bullet that travels through a target's body completely instead of stopping in the body. The purpose of firing a large calibre projectile is not always the same. For example, one might need to create disorganisation within enemy troops, create casualties within enemy troops, eliminate the functioning of an enemy tank, or destroy an enemy bunker.

Suckerfish Menu

Different purposes of course require different projectile designs. Many large calibre projectiles are filled with a high explosive which, when detonated, shatters the shell casing, producing thousands of high velocity fragments and an accompanying sharply rising blast overpressure. More rarely, others are used to release chemical or biological agents, either on impact or when over the target area; designing an appropriate fuse is a difficult task which lies outside the realm of terminal ballistics.


  • Understanding Golf: Learn to significantly lower your average score without hitting the ball farther, changing your swing, or buying expensive golf clubs!
  • Consent Form | Outdoor Life?
  • THE PRACTICAL GUIDE TO LONG RANGE HUNTING CARTRIDGES?
  • Terminal ballistics;
  • Ballistic Resources?
  • Terminal Ballistics Summary.
  • Bonnier Corp. Website Data Disclosure.

Other large-calibre projectiles use bomblets sub-munitions , which are released by the carrier projectile at a required height or time above their target. The use of multiple bomblets over a single HE projectile allows for a denser and less wasteful fragmentation field to be produced. If a bomblet strikes an armoured vehicle, there is also a chance that the shaped charge will if used penetrate and disable the vehicle. A negative factor in their use is that any bomblets that fail to function go on to litter the battlefield in a highly sensitive and lethal state, causing casualties long after the cessation of conflict.

International conventions tend to forbid or restrict the use of this type of projectile. Some anti-armour projectiles use what is known as a shaped charge to defeat their target. Shaped charges have been used ever since it was discovered that a block of high explosives with letters engraved in it created perfect impressions of those letters when detonated against a piece of metal.

A shaped charge is an explosive charge with a hollow lined cavity at one end and a detonator at the other. They operate by the detonating high explosive collapsing the often copper liner into itself. Some of the collapsing liner goes on to form a constantly stretching jet of material travelling at hypersonic speed. When detonated at the correct standoff to the armour, the jet violently forces its way through the target's armour. This misconception is due to the metal's fluid-like behaviour, which is caused by the massive pressures produced during the explosives detonation causing the metal to flow plastically.

When used in the anti-tank role, a projectile that uses a shaped-charge warhead is known by the acronym HEAT high-explosive anti-tank.

Create an account or sign in to comment

Shaped charges can be defended against by the use of explosive reactive armour ERA , or complex composite armour arrays. ERA uses a high explosive sandwiched between two, relatively thin, normally metallic plates. A disadvantage of using ERA is that each plate can protect against a single strike, and the resulting explosion can be extremely dangerous to nearby personnel and lightly armoured structures. Tank fired HEAT projectiles are slowly being replaced for the attack of heavy armour by so-called "kinetic energy" penetrators. It is the most primitive in-shape projectiles that are hardest to defend against.

A KE penetrator requires an enormous thickness of steel, or a complex armour array to protect against.

They also produce a much larger diameter hole in comparison to a shaped charge and hence produce a far more extensive behind armour effect. Tungsten and depleted uranium alloys are often used as the penetrator material. The length of the penetrator is limited by the ability of the penetrator to withstand launch forces whilst in the bore and shear forces along its length at impact.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: the article contains multiple grammar errors. Please help improve this article if you can. March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Categories : Ballistics.

Terminal Ballistics: How Bullets Wound and Kill - The Everyday Marksman

Hidden categories: Articles that may contain original research from September All articles that may contain original research Articles lacking in-text citations from May All articles lacking in-text citations Articles needing cleanup from March All pages needing cleanup Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from March Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from March Articles with multiple maintenance issues Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Striking velocity affects terminal performance of the bullet in several ways: Striking velocity determines bullet energy on impact; Striking energy varies directly with bullet weight; and Striking energy varies as the square of velocity.

GET THE LATEST UPDATES

In other words, a change in bullet striking velocity will have a much greater effect on bullet striking energy than a proportional change in bullet weight. Doubling bullet weight doubles bullet striking energy, whereas doubling bullet striking velocity quadruples striking energy. At initial impact and penetration, a bullet creates a localized area of high pressure that rapidly displaces target material outward from the impact point.

As the bullet penetrates, it creates a permanent wound path. As it does so, it may expand or tumble, considerably increasing the size of the permanent wound path.

Bullet fragments, bits of bone and pieces of clothing can become secondary projectiles that can damage tissue at a distance from the point of impact. In addition, the shock wave from bullet impacts greater than 2, feet per second f. The higher the bullet's striking velocity, the larger the temporary wound cavity A secondary way that a bullet causes damage is by the temporary cavity it causes. The bullet does not immediately penetrate the tissue; instead, it makes an impact crater that stretches in until the bullet penetrates the tissue.

As the bullet continues its path, it violently pushes the tissue ahead of it both directly and indirectly in such a way that the tissue is stretched beyond its elasticity and is cut and torn as it quickly tries to return to its original position and beyond.

How Terminal Ballistics Helps You Choose the Right Ammunition

In essence, a bullet going through soft tissue has the same effect as dropping a stone into a pail of water - if the stone bullet enters the water slowly, the water tissue displacement is so gradual that is has little effect on the surrounding molecules. If the stone bullet enters the water tissue with a lot of momentum, however, the surrounding molecules have to act a lot more quickly and violently, resulting in a splash temporary cavity. Temporary cavitation is important because it can be a tremendous wounding mechanism.

A simple analogy would be the difference between stepping into a swimming pool versus diving into it from a tall diving platform. The target determines the ideal behavior that you want from a bullet.


  1. Kleine Kammermusik für fünf Bläser - Score!
  2. The Blending, book 5: Prophecy!
  3. TERMINAL BALLISTICS;
  4. Mathematikunterricht im Kontext von Realität, Kultur und Lehrerprofessionalität: Festschrift für Gabriele Kaiser (German Edition)!
  5. On smaller, lighter game such as varmints, you normally want the rapid destruction of the bullet on impact for the instant transfer of energy, since penetration is rarely an issue. For common big-game animals such as deer and elk, you want the controlled release of energy at impact to increase bullet penetration. For even larger, more dangerous, big-game animals, you want bullets designed for even slower energy expenditure in order to achieve the deep penetration necessary to create permanent and temporary cavitation in the vital areas of large animals even after the bullet has broken bones along its path.

    Gain a deep knowledge of ballistic science and access our improved ballistic calculator.